Der Ausdruck Mystik bezeichnet Berichte und Aussagen über die Erfahrung einer göttlichen oder absoluten Wirklichkeit sowie die Bemühungen um eine solche Erfahrung. mystical Bedeutung, Definition mystical: 1. relating to the belief that there is hidden meaning in life, or that each human being can unite. For the new EP ' Run Boy Run ' he used similar effects but this time the main character is a little boy, moving through a mystical.
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Meetings may or may not be segregated according to the prevailing custom of the wider society. An existing Muslim faith is not always a requirement for entry, particularly in Western countries.
The aims of Sufism include: the experience of ecstatic states hal , purification of the heart qalb , overcoming the lower self nafs , extinction of the individual personality fana , communion with God haqiqa , and higher knowledge marifat.
Some sufic beliefs and practices have been found unorthodox by other Muslims; for instance Mansur al-Hallaj was put to death for blasphemy after uttering the phrase Ana'l Haqq , "I am the Truth" i.
God in a trance. Rabia Basri was the most prominent female Sufi. Sufism first came into contact with the Judeo-Christian world during the Moorish occupation of Spain.
Sufism has also long been present in Asian countries that do not have a Muslim majority, such as India and China. In Hinduism, various sadhanas aim at overcoming ignorance avidhya and transcending the limited identification with body, mind and ego to attain moksha.
Hinduism has a number of interlinked ascetic traditions and philosophical schools which aim at moksha  and the acquisition of higher powers.
Yoga is the physical , mental , and spiritual practices or disciplines which aim to attain a state of permanent peace. Classical Vedanta gives philosophical interpretations and commentaries of the Upanishads , a vast collection of ancient hymns.
At least ten schools of Vedanta are known,  of which Advaita Vedanta , Vishishtadvaita , and Dvaita are the best known.
The best-known subschool is Kevala Vedanta or mayavada as expounded by Adi Shankara. Advaita Vedanta has acquired a broad acceptance in Indian culture and beyond as the paradigmatic example of Hindu spirituality.
Various Shaivist traditions are strongly nondualistic, such as Kashmir Shaivism and Shaiva Siddhanta. Tantra is the name given by scholars to a style of meditation and ritual which arose in India no later than the fifth century AD.
It can also include sexual and other antinomian practices. Mysticism in the Sikh dharm began with its founder, Guru Nanak , who as a child had profound mystical experiences.
The goal of Sikhism is to be one with God. According to Oliver, Buddhism is mystical in the sense that it aims at the identification of the true nature of our self, and live according to it.
Buddhism aims at liberation from the cycle of rebirth by self-control through meditation and morally just behaviour. Some Buddhist paths aim at a gradual development and transformation of the personality toward Nirvana , like the Theravada stages of enlightenment.
Others, like the Japanese Rinzai Zen tradition, emphasize sudden insight , but nevertheless also prescribe intensive training, including meditation and self-restraint.
Although Theravada does not acknowledge the existence of a theistic Absolute, it does postulate Nirvana as a transcendent reality which may be attained.
Jones, Theravada is a form of mindful extrovertive and introvertive mysticism, in which the conceptual structuring of experiences is weakened, and the ordinary sense of self is weakened.
Chinese and Japanese Zen is grounded on the Chinese understanding of the Buddha-nature as one true's essence, and the Two truths doctrine as a polarity between relative and Absolute reality.
Suzuki noted similarities between Zen -Buddhism and Christian mysticism, especially meister Eckhart.
The Tibetan Vajrayana tradition is based on Madhyamaka philosophy and Tantra. It holds that "mind-nature" is manifested when one is enlightened,  being nonconceptually aware rigpa , "open presence" of one's nature,  "a recognition of one's beginningless nature.
Taoist philosophy is centered on the Tao , usually translated "Way", an ineffable cosmic principle. The contrasting yet interdependent concepts of yin and yang also symbolise harmony, with Taoist scriptures often emphasing the Yin virtues of femininity, passivity and yieldingness.
Today there is also occurring in the West what Richard Jones calls "the secularization of mysticism". Zaehner distinguishes three fundamental types of mysticism, namely theistic, monistic and panenhenic "all-in-one" or natural mysticism.
Walter Terence Stace , in his book Mysticism and Philosophy , distinguished two types of mystical experience, namely extrovertive and introvertive mysticism.
Stace argues that doctrinal differences between religious traditions are inappropriate criteria when making cross-cultural comparisons of mystical experiences.
This may result in different accounts of the same phenomenon. Since the 19th century, "mystical experience" has evolved as a distinctive concept.
It is closely related to "mysticism" but lays sole emphasis on the experiential aspect, be it spontaneous or induced by human behavior, whereas mysticism encompasses a broad range of practices aiming at a transformation of the person, not just inducing mystical experiences.
William James ' The Varieties of Religious Experience is the classic study on religious or mystical experience, which influenced deeply both the academic and popular understanding of "religious experience".
Under the influence of William James' The Varieties of Religious Experience, heavily centered on people's conversion experiences, most philosophers' interest in mysticism has been in distinctive, allegedly knowledge-granting "mystical experiences.
Yet, Gelman notes that so-called mystical experience is not a transitional event, as William James claimed, but an "abiding consciousness, accompanying a person throughout the day, or parts of it.
For that reason, it might be better to speak of mystical consciousness, which can be either fleeting or abiding.
Most mystical traditions warn against an attachment to mystical experiences, and offer a "protective and hermeneutic framework" to accommodate these experiences.
The theoretical study of mystical experience has shifted from an experiential, privatized and perennialist approach to a contextual and empirical approach.
The contextual approach, which also includes constructionism and attribution theory, takes into account the historical and cultural context.
The term "mystical experience" evolved as a distinctive concept since the 19th century, laying sole emphasis on the experiential aspect, be it spontaneous or induced by human behavior.
Perennialists regard those various experience traditions as pointing to one universal transcendental reality, for which those experiences offer the proof.
In this approach, mystical experiences are privatised, separated from the context in which they emerge. Zaehner, William Stace and Robert Forman.
In contrast, for the past decades most scholars have favored a constructionist approach, which states that mystical experiences are fully constructed by the ideas, symbols and practices that mystics are familiar with.
Richard Jones draws a distinction between "anticonstructivism" and "perennialism": constructivism can be rejected with respect to a certain class of mystical experiences without ascribing to a perennialist philosophy on the relation of mystical doctrines.
For example, a Christian can reject both constructivism and perennialism in arguing that there is a union with God free of cultural construction.
Constructivism versus anticonstructivism is a matter of the nature of mystical experiences while perennialism is a matter of mystical traditions and the doctrines they espouse.
The perennial position is now "largely dismissed by scholars",  and the contextual approach has become the common approach.
That is, mystics project cognitive content onto otherwise ordinary experiences having a strong emotional impact. She incorporates both neurological and cultural approaches in the study of mystical experience.
Neurological research takes an empirical approach, relating mystical experiences to neurological processes. The most common positions are that neurology reduces mystical experiences or that neurology is neutral to the issue of mystical cognitivity.
Interest in mystical experiences and psychedelic drugs has also recently seen a resurgence. The temporal lobe seems to be involved in mystical experiences, [web 9]  and in the change in personality that may result from such experiences.
The anterior insula may be involved in ineffability , a strong feeling of certainty which cannot be expressed in words, which is a common quality in mystical experiences.
According to Picard, this feeling of certainty may be caused by a dysfunction of the anterior insula , a part of the brain which is involved in interoception , self-reflection, and in avoiding uncertainty about the internal representations of the world by "anticipation of resolution of uncertainty or risk".
A philosophical issue in the study of mysticism is the relation of mysticism to morality. Albert Schweitzer presented the classic account of mysticism and morality being incompatible.
Richard King also points to disjunction between "mystical experience" and social justice: . The privatisation of mysticism — that is, the increasing tendency to locate the mystical in the psychological realm of personal experiences — serves to exclude it from political issues as social justice.
Mysticism thus becomes seen as a personal matter of cultivating inner states of tranquility and equanimity, which, rather than seeking to transform the world, serve to accommodate the individual to the status quo through the alleviation of anxiety and stress.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Practice of religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness. This article is about mystical traditions.
For mystical experience, see mystical experience. History Timeline. Christian Catholic Mysticism. Buddhist modernism New religious movement Secular spirituality " Spiritual but not religious " Syncretism.
Spiritual experience. Mystical experience Religious experience Spiritual practice. Spiritual development. Ego death Individuation Spiritual development Self-actualization Spiritual activism.
Other non-Western. Animism Shamanism Totemism. Humanistic psychology Mindfulness Positive psychology Self-help Self-realization True self and false self.
Mystical psychosis Cognitive science of religion Neuroscience of religion Geschwind syndrome Evolutionary psychology of religion. Moral universalism Universality Universalizability.
Other religions. Mysticism Nondualism Perennialism Theosophy. See also: Christian contemplation and Henosis. See also: Hesychasm , Contemplative prayer , and Apophatic theology.
Main articles: Religious ecstasy , Altered state of consciousness , Cognitive science of religion , Neurotheology , and Attribution psychology.
Main articles: Enlightenment spiritual , Divine illumination , and Subitism. Main articles: Spirituality , Spiritual development , Self-realization , and Ego death.
See also: Middle Ages. See also: Early modern period. The song and video were released in In January , he performed in shows in Bahrain and Bulgaria with Danny!
Mystikal's sister Michelle Tyler was murdered in September On June 26, , Mystikal pleaded guilty to sexual battery and extortion. On January 15, , Mystikal was sentenced to six years in state prison after pleading guilty to sexually assaulting his hairstylist.
As part of a plea bargain, all three pleaded guilty. Mystikal initially claimed that the incident was consensual, but a videotape of the incident was later found at his home shortly after the charges were made.
Negotiations during the trial held the videotape from being entered as evidence and Mystikal agreed to the plea bargain offered by the prosecution, avoiding the mandatory life sentence for sexual battery in Louisiana and expecting to receive probation.
However, the case took a twist when the judge viewed the videotape at the sentencing, took into account Mystikal's two prior arrests for drug and gun possession , and had him remanded into custody to begin serving a six-year sentence immediately.
Mystikal's bodyguards, Leland Ellis and Vercy Carter, also pleaded guilty to sexual battery. In August , while incarcerated on the state sexual battery and extortion charges, Mystikal was charged federally with two misdemeanor counts of failing to file tax returns for and On January 12, , he was convicted in federal court of the tax offenses, but was allowed to serve the one-year federal sentence concurrent with his six-year state sentence.
On January 19, , Mystikal was denied parole at a parole board hearing. The news of his release caused confusion among fans who heard the news and mistakenly thought he had been released on parole.
On February 22, , Mystikal was arrested again following a dispute with his domestic partner and was later given a misdemeanor charge of domestic abuse battery.
He was detained for nine days and then released on bail. On April 16, he was given a three-month jail sentence for violating the terms of his probation he was given following his release from prison in January He was given credit for the nine days already served, reducing his confinement to 81 days.
In the summer of , he went through a mystical experience. People have an almost mystical link with the land. There is nothing magical or mystical about hypnotism as many may think.
The supernatural - general words. Want to learn more? Examples of mystical. Under the spell of capitalism, trivialities become mystical and tables can dance.
From the Cambridge English Corpus. To claim otherwise is to relegate the elaborate structure of conscious experience to a mystical state beyond the bounds of science.
These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors.
There is a mystical character to this dream-life of despair, a passive immersing of the self in the ' pure thought ' of essence. But here the wildly divergent contents of mystical experiences, even those induced by quite similar techniques, are alone enough to put us on our guard.
Thus, we can call this approach ' mystical naturalism ', while understanding that the form of naturalism intended is physicalism.
It is common for proper names to be used with great reluctance, for fear of giving offense or somehow intruding on a person's mystical selfhood.
The second innovation was that mystical prayer did not require knowing the intricate kabbalistic meanings and connections of the words of the prayers.
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Take the quiz Syn City Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time.Michael Lawrence Tyler, better known by his stage name Mystikal, is an American rapper, songwriter and actor from New Orleans, Louisiana. Music video by Mystikal performing Shake Ya Ass. (C) Zomba Recording LLClabadminton.com